“The Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Industries in Ohio are on the verge of considerable success. One piece of the puzzle that will help push us over the top is a united voice for the fuel cell and hydrogen industries. The FCHEA provides Ohio, the rest of the country—and the Industry-- with that voice through advocacy, support and a united front.”
Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition
“Now, more than ever, the fuel cell and hydrogen energy industries need to speak in one powerful voice. FCHEA's efforts have been exceptional in creating a compelling platform to advance industry initiatives on Capitol Hill and within the States”
PhD, Executive Director,
South Carolina Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Alliance
“By providing clean, efficient and continuous base-load energy for buildings and enabling zero-emission transportation, fuel cells have become a proven and crucial component of the clean energy network. We are extremely grateful for the important work FCHEA is doing to raise the profile of these game-changing energy technologies for the marketplace, policy makers, key decision-makers and the general public.”
Vice President,Government Affairs, and General Counsel,
"FCHEA's efforts are providing great help in moving Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles to a new level of market acceptance in a way one individual automaker could not."
"FCHEA brings a strong, united voice about fuel cells and hydrogen to a national audience. We look forward to working closely with FCHEA staff and members to advance the commercialization of fuel cells in the United States."
California Fuel Cell Partnership
"FCHEA is an important conduit for informing and educating government leaders and the public about the impact hydrogen is making today as well as significant technology advances, and hydrogen’s role in solving the clean energy issue for all future generations."
Global Business Director,
Hydrogen Energy Systems at Air Products
“Plug Power greatly appreciates the importance of FCHEA in advancing hydrogen fuel cell solutions in commercial applications. It is the visionary collaboration of the partnership that provides a strong foundation for today’s advanced technology to prove out value, viability and reliability in key markets. Industry pioneers, like FCHEA, will ensure a path to a future that includes hydrogen and fuel cells as core to the clean energy network”
"Solar and wind are good technologies, but they do not address the total customer need for continuous power as fuel cells and hydrogen energy do . Many customers require a more dependable base-load, energy efficient solution that works around the clock, and in a smaller footprint. ClearEdge Power fuel cells provide exactly that solution, and the FCHEA helps us to inform and educate customers and policymakers about the many benefits of fuel cells and hydrogen energy."
President & CEO
Codes & Standards
Fuel cells are consumer products as well as industrial devices, and since they are produced and used by and around workers and the public, they are bound by national and international regulations relating to their safety, use, transportation and storage.
What Are Codes and Standards?
In the most basic sense, codes are laws. You must follow them, where applicable, or you are subject to legal penalties under the law. Codes are passed by nations, states, legislative bodies and regulatory jurisdictions to control those things under their authority.
Standards are guidance, written by organizations set up for that purpose that can be voluntarily followed to achieve standardization or a level of quality that is respected in a particular industry.
Codes and standards are sometimes confused with one another. It is always best to check with the local jurisdiction to find out what applies, and not just use the titles of standards to make your choice of what documents to follow.
What Codes and Standards do I have to follow to install a fuel cell project?
The simplest answer to that question is probably "You must follow the laws in force where the project will be built". In the United States, almost every location has a local building code that requires buildings, equipment and other structures to be designed and built safely, for the good of everyone. This is well known to construction professionals and is enforced by the typical requirement to obtain a building permit, have periodic inspections by the local Building Department or other authority having jurisdiction over the project and obtain a final permit to occupy or use the facility. Local jurisdictions have local deviations from the model building codes and sometimes deviations are applied on a use-by-use basis. Hospitals may have more stringent requirements than office buildings, for instance. A typical set of building and construction codes might include the following:
- Building Code – including seismic and structural standards
- Mechanical Code – including ventilation requirements
- Plumbing Code – including fuel piping, water and waste piping and process piping
- Energy Code – including energy efficiency and insulation
- Fire Code – including ventilation and fire protection requirements
- Electrical Code – including wiring, hazardous locations and fire protection requirements
- Administrative Requirements – including the requirements to obtain permits, mitigate environmental impacts, fees and inspection requirements
- Air Quality Regulations – including gaseous and particulate emissions
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Safety Information
The Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Safety Report is a bi-monthly electronic publication which provides information about developing hydrogen and fuel cell Codes and Standards and related safety information. In addition, this site supports the activities of the National Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Codes & Standards Coordinating Committee, an entity consisting of a large number of organizations involved in the development of codes and standards for hydrogen energy systems and fuel cells, and the Hydrogen Industry Panel on Codes (HIPOC), an on-going forum to support the changes to codes and standards that are necessary to harmonize the U.S. Model Codes developed by the International Code Council (ICC) and codes and standards developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) affecting or relating to the storage, dispensing, use and handling of gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. Past issues of the montly publication are available here.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has several areas where good information on safety, codes and standards is available. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/codes/
The H2 Safety Snapshot bulletin outlines safety best practices and lessons learned in hydrogen handling.
The Hydrogen Safety Bibliographic Database provides references to reports, articles, books, and other resources for information on hydrogen safety as it relates to production, storage, distribution, and use.
A Permitting Hydrogen Facilities Web site identifies model codes and standards to help local permitting officials deal with proposals for hydrogen fueling stations, fuel cell use for telecommunications facilities, and other hydrogen projects.
The Introduction to Hydrogen Safety for First Responders Web-based course provides an "awareness level" hydrogen overview for fire, law enforcement, and emergency medical personnel.
The Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials Web-based course provides an overview of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, how these technologies are used in real-world applications, and the codes and standards required for permitting them.
Hydrogen/Fuel Cell Codes & Regulations is an excellent resource for the latest updates and latest topics on hydrogen and fuel cell standards.
This EERE site contains a comprehensive listing of current U.S. regulations applicable to hydrogen.
Additional Regulatory Guidance
The Hydrogen Safety Best Practices Manual is an online manual that captures the wealth of knowledge and experience related to the safe handling and use of hydrogen that exists as a result of its extensive history in a wide variety of applications. The purpose of the manual, prepared collaboratively by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, is to share this knowledge gathered from numerous experts, public domain documents, and references in an online, easy-to-use manner.
The Hydrogen Incident Reporting Database provides lessons learned and other relevant information gained from actual experiences working with hydrogen. The database contains records of events involving hydrogen or hydrogen-related technologies.
•NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code
•NFPA 55: Standard for the Storage, Use, and Handling of Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids in Portable and Stationary Containers, Cylinders, and Tanks, 2005 Edition
•US Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) 29 CFR 1910 Subpart H – Hazardous Materials 1910.103 – Hydrogen
•NFPA 853: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Fuel Cell Power Plants 2003 Edition
•NFPA 70: National Electrical Code Article 692 Fuel Cell Systems
•ANSI / IEEE 1547-2003: IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems
•ANSI/CSA America FC1-2004 (formerly ANSI Z21.83) American National Standard For Fuel Cell Power Systems
•IEC 62282-3-1: Fuel Cell Power Systems – Safety
•American Society of Mechanical Engineers PTC 50: Performance Test Code, For Fuel Cell Power System Performance
•IEC 62282-3-2 (2006-03): Fuel Cell Power System – Performance
Additional Regulatory Resources
•International Code Council – Model Building and Construction Codes and Standards
•National Fire Protection Association – Model Building and Construction Codes and Standards
•International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials – Model Building and Construction Codes and Standards
|Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting (AMR)|
|May 13-17, 2013 | Washington, DC||16th Annual Congressional Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency EXPO + Forum|
|Wednesday - June 12 9:30 am - 4:30 pm | Washington, DC||Hydrogen + Fuel Cells 2013 (HFC2013)|
|June 16-19, 2013 | Vancouver, British Columbia||Alternative Clean Transportation 2013 (ACTEXPO 2013)
|June 24-27, 2013 | Washington, D.C.||5th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS2013)|
|September 9 - 11, 2013 | Brussels, Belgium||World Hydrogen Technologies Convention (WHTC)|
|September 25 - 28, 2013 | Shanghai, China||2013 Fuel Cell Seminar & Energy Exposition|
|October 21-24, 2013 | Ohio||Electric Vehicle Symposium|
|November 17 - 20, 2013 | Spain|